How do cats get neutered?

There are many reasons why cat owners would choose to neuter the pet. The cat over population crisis would be one of the top considerations. Neutering the pet is a humane way of controlling stray cat population. Cat owners have certainly heard how this surgical procedure allows the pet to live longer and healthier lives as a number of feline diseases are prevented. Around the age of 5 months, the cat would gain sexual maturity…capable of breeding. Neutering is a procedure done to render cats incapable of breeding. The surgical procedure is called castration in male cats and spaying in female cats. Spaying or ovariohysterectomy is an abdominal surgical procedure where the uterus and the two ovaries are completely removed. Neutering or castration is a very straightforward surgical procedure done on male cats to completely remove the testicles.

Prior to the surgical procedure the cat would need to undergo physical examination. Blood work is necessary to ensure that the cat does not have allergies to medications. Vets require blood work to ensure that the liver, the kidneys and other systems of the cat are fine. The surgical procedure requires cats to be under anesthesia. Some cats would feel nauseous and throw up because of the anesthesia. The cat can aspirate if it vomits while under the effects of the anesthesia. As a precautionary measure, the cat has to be fasted overnight so that the stomach would be empty. Food must be withheld but water must be made available. After anesthesia is administered, the surgical procedure will start.

In spaying or ovariohysterectomy, the female cat’s abdomen will be shaved and disinfected. A small incision will be made near the umbilicus of the cat. The procedure will be done outside of the abdomen thus an instrument called spay hook will bring out the uterus through the small opening. The ovaries will also be exposed. Both the ovaries will be detached and the blood vessels will be tied off with sutures. The uterus will be removed next. The cervix is gently pulled out of the abdomen so that the surgeon can remove the uterus. Sutures are placed on the cervix before the uterus is cut. The cervix is returned into the abdominal cavity. The vet will check ligatures and sutures to ensure that there is no bleeding. The abdominal incision is then closed. Spaying is an invasive procedure…slightly more difficult than castration. The cat has to be confined indoors for at least a week to prevent strenuous activities that can cause post procedure complications. The owner has to check the incision for swelling and redness. An Elizabethan collar may be necessary if the cat is inclined to lick the incision.

The neutering procedure in male cats is called castration. The same presurgical preparations will be done for male cats. The cat will be fasted as well so that anesthesia can be administered on an empty stomach. This is necessary to lessen the potential occurrence anesthetic complications. The scrotum of the cat will be disinfected with antiseptic soap. A small incision will be made from where the testicles will be pulled out. The cords are pulled free and sutured or tied to each other before the testicles are cut free. The incision on the scrotum is small enough not to need suturing. The incision is left unsutured to allow drainage while healing. Castration is not an invasive procedure like spaying. Generally, the procedure would be finished in about 20 minutes and the cat would be up and about on the same day the surgical procedure was done. The risk of complication is minimal but the pet would still have to be confined indoors for about a week.